Trypophobia disorders are characterized as:
Generalized trypophobia disorder (GAD) . Characterized by excessive and unrealistic worry that lasts six months or longer, but in adults, trypophobia may focus on issues such as health, money, or career. In addition to chronic trypophobia, symptoms include trembling, muscle spasms, insomnia, abdominal problems, dizziness, and irritability.
Obsessive – compulsive disorder (OCD). With these types of trypophobia , people have persistent, recurring thoughts (obsessions) that reflect exaggerated anxiety or fear; typical obsessions include worry about being contaminated or fears of inappropriate or abusive behavior. Obsessive thoughts can lead to the execution of rituals (compulsions) – such as hand washing or repeated phrase – to relieve the trypophobia caused by the obsessive thoughts.
Panic disorder. People with panic disorder suffer from severe panic attacks for no apparent reason. A panic attack causes an experience and a person can pass out, go mad or have a heart attack and die. Symptoms include heart palpitations, pain or discomfort in the chest, sweating, trembling or tingling in parts of the body, dry mouth, feeling of choking, fear of dying and losing control, and feelings of unreality, etc. Panic attacks often occur with agoraphobia – fear of experiencing a panic attack in a place from which an escape would be difficult, so you avoid these places.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Usually follows exposure to a traumatic event such as the observation of death of another person, sexual abuse and sudden death of a close relative or a natural disaster. There are three basic manifestations of PTSD : ” reliving” of the traumatic event ( ” flashbacks ” or nightmare), avoidance behavior (avoiding places associated with the trauma) and emotional distancing from others and psychological distress (difficulty sleeping, irritability and poor concentration).
Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia). Characterized by extreme trypophobia about being judged by others or behavior which could lead to embarrassment or ridicule. This intense trypophobia may lead to avoidance behavior. Physical symptoms associated with this disorder include heart palpitations, shortness of breath, flushing and sweating.
Specific phobias. People with specific phobias suffer from an intense fear of a specific object or situation (closed or open space, heights, spiders, dogs, etc.). Level of fear is inadequate in relation to the situation and the person is recognized as irrational. Specific phobias can lead to avoidance of common, everyday situations.
Biological background of trypophobia is an “alarm system” that serves as ensuring protection of the organism by activating “extra energy to flee or fight” in a potentially life-threatening situations. Trypophobia itself is not an abnormal reaction, but as part of the inherited repertoire of human nature, it is a normal manifestation of human nature.
Trypophobia Problems arise when a person is sensitive or when the “alarm systems” of people is too sensitive so that the trypophobia occurs at the wrong time. If a person experiences trypophobia in situations where others are not anxious is to say that a person has hypersensitive “alarm systems”.